Industrial Engineering and Management (IEM)


The main research focus of the Industrial Engineering and Management (IEM) R&D line is on Modelling, Organization and Management of Industrial and Services Systems and Technology. It is an R&D line focusing on the broad area of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems. Currently, IEM R&D line is joining together researchers with many common links: Industrial Management with Logistics and Supply Chain, as well as Quality, Reliability and Safety, supported by Simulation and Optimization, providing computational tools for the modelling of complex systems. As such, IEM incorporates knowledge and competencies to deal with applied research on complex engineering systems, particularly in the Industrial Engineering and Management field.

Four major subareas of research are adopted by IEM: Industrial and Manufacturing Systems & Management, Operations and Quality Management, Systems Economic Analysis and Human Engineering.

The main mission of the IEM R&D line is to create and disseminate scientific knowledge that results from pure and applied research, focusing on:

– Organizational and management concepts and approaches related to the design and improvement of production systems and processes. The focus is on the development and performance evaluation of industrial and service systems, under agile and lean production environments. The increase of complexity of the industrial environment thrives for the establishment of new organizational meta- enterprises, under networked and virtual environments, thus potentiating research to develop the introduction and attainment of new manufacturing systems paradigms. Research on the “new” teaching-learning paradigm based on project-led engineering teaching, continues to be applied to the Industrial and Management Engineering area.

– Operations and Quality Management research has major interests on supply chain modelling and performance evaluation, together with Quality Management and Assurance, Reliability and Maintenance issues. Basic support comes from simulation and optimization tools, and common specific applications deal with performance indicators, total quality management, quality engineering (quality tools, six-sigma, design of experiments, Taguchi methods, …), business excellence models, integration of supply chain and quality management, reliability and maintenance.

– Economic and social aspects inherent to decisions on the allocation and use of resources. Strategic management, risk analysis, sustainable innovation and new product development. Special attention has been and will continue to be given to Energy planning and management. Research addresses decision-making framework modelling for policy prescriptions, including social, environment and economic issues. Technology foresight and companies competencies can be matched to spot innovative products, market niches and growth opportunities.

– Human factors of production systems involve the topics of physical risk factors and ergonomics and safety performance environments. The research of the human factors within occupational settings is particularly important as the impact of accidents and professional diseases caused by technology and work systems, can affect the economy and constitute an unacceptable burden of suffering. Accordingly, efforts have been focused on developing tools and approaches to estimate, understand and measure (physical) risk and its perception, to evaluate and improve its control and its institutional and organisational management, addressing the study of the new challenges and paradigms of the health and safety domain.

Main Achivements

Major achievements are the increase of the scientific productivity and the international recognition of the work performed by the researchers, which is also a sign that the “quantity” is accompanied by the increase in “quality” of the scientific papers produced. The results of the research have been presented in highly recognized journals and conferences, including top 10% peer-reviewed ISI journals. IEM is also coordinating and collaborating in a number of projects including European and non-European partners, supported on National and European funds.


IEM Coordinator:  Maria Madalena Araújo

IEM Links:

Recent IEM Publications:


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