By Alves, Claudio; de Carvalho, Jose Valerio; Clautiaux, Francois; Rietz, Juergen
European Journal of Operational Research
In this paper, we address the 2-dimensional vector packing problem where an optimal layout for a set of items with two independent dimensions has to be found within the boundaries of a rectangle. Many practical applications in areas such as the telecommunications, transportation and production planning lead to this combinatorial problem. Here, we focus on the computation of fast lower bounds using original approaches based on the concept of dual-feasible functions. Until now, all the dual-feasible functions proposed in the literature were 1-dimensional functions. In this paper, we extend the principles of dual-feasible functions to the m-dimensional case by introducing the concept of vector packing dual-feasible function, and we propose and analyze di erent new families of functions. All the proposed approaches were tested extensively using benchmark instances described in the literature. Our computational results show that these functions can approximate very e ciently the best known lower bounds for this problem and improve signi cantly the convergence of branch-and-bound algorithms.