Length of hospital stay and quality of care

By Neves, J.; Abelha, V.; Vicente, H.; Neves, J.; Machado, J.

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing

2016

Abstract

The relationship between Length Of hospital Stay (LOS) and Quality-of- Care (QofC) is demanding and difficult to assess. Indeed, a multifaceted intertwining network of countless services and LOS factors is available, which may range from organizational culture to hospital physicians availability, without discarding the possibility of lifting the foot on intermediate care services, to the customs and cultures of the people. On health policy terms, LOS remains a measurable index of efficiency, and most of the studies that have been undertaken show that QoC or health outcomes do not appear to be compromised by reductions in LOS times. Therefore, and in order to assess this statement, a Logic Programming based methodology to Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, allowing the modeling of the universe of discourse in terms of defective data, information and knowledge is used, being complemented with an Artificial Neural Networks based approach to computing, allowing one to predict for how long a patient should remain in a hospital or at home, during his/her illness experience.

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