Clustering-based approach for categorizing pregnant women in obstetrics and maternity care

By Pereira, S.; Portela, F.; Santos, M.F.; Machado, J.; Abelha, A.

ACM International Conference Proceeding Series

2015

Abstract

When a pregnant woman is guided to a hospital for obstetrics purposes, many outcomes are possible, depending on her current conditions. An improved understanding of these conditions could provide a more direct medical approach by categorizing the different types of patients, enabling a faster response to risk situations, and therefore increasing the quality of services. In this case study, the characteristics of the patients admitted in the maternity care unit of Centro Hospitalar of Porto are acknowledged, allowing categorizing the patient women through clustering techniques. The main goal is to predict the patients’ route through the maternity care, adapting the services according to their conditions, providing the best clinical decisions and a cost-effective treatment to patients. The models developed presented very interesting results, being the best clustering evaluation index: 0.65. The evaluation of the clustering algorithms proved the viability of using clustering based data mining models to characterize pregnant patients, identifying which conditions can be used as an alert to prevent the occurrence of medical complications.

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